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  • iran bastan iran bastan۱۳۹۶/۰۹/۰۷

    The National Museum of Iran (Persianموزهٔ ملی ایران‎‎ Mūze-ye Melli-ye Irān) is located in Tehran, Iran.

    It is an institution formed of two complexes; the Museum of Ancient Iran (Mūze-ye Irān-e Bāstān) which was opened in 1937, and the Museum of Islamic Art and Archaeology of Iran which was opened in 1972.

    It hosts historical monuments dating back through preserved ancient and medieval Iranian antiquities, including pottery vessels, metal objects, textile remains, and some rare books and coins.


    There are also a number of research departments in the museum, including Paleolithic, Prehistory, History, Coins and seals, Osteology, Pottery departments.

    The brick building of the Museum of Ancient Iran was designed by French architect André Godard in the early 20th century, and was influenced by Sassanian vaults, particularly the Taq Kasra at Ctesiphon. Its construction, with an area of about 11,000 square metres (13,000 sq yd), began in 1935 and was completed within two years by Abbas Ali Memar and Morad Tabrizi.


    It was then officially inaugurated in 1937 The Museum of Islamic Art and Archaeology of Iran was later built with white travertine on the grassy grounds of the Museum of Ancient Iran. It has gone through quite a few hasty interior changes, and was still being remodeled when the 1979 Revolution swept the country.

    While the Museum of Ancient Iran always had a clear mandate to show archaeological relics, as well as some rare medieval textiles and rug pieces, the newer complex began to also feature the exquisite Amlash pottery from prehistoric Caspian Sea regions of Iran. This followed some modern works, and the repeated gutting and remodeling of the interior.

    The Museum of Ancient Iran consists two floors. Its halls contain artifacts and fossils from the Lower, Middle, and Upper Paleolithic, as well as the Neolithic, Chalcolithic, early and late Bronze Age, and Iron Ages I-III, through the Median, Achaemenid, Seleucid, Parthian, and Sassanian eras.